De meest voorkomende problemen bij de dierenarts

The most common problems at the vet

Dogs often come to veterinarians with a variety of health problems. The most common problems include:

Skin and Ear Problems

Skin and ear problems are some of the most common reasons dogs are taken to the vet. Allergies are a major cause, which can arise from food, environmental factors such as pollen or dust mites, or contact allergens such as certain cleaning products. These allergies can lead to intense itching, scratching, and biting, often resulting in secondary infections due to bacteria or fungi. Ear infections are also common and can be the result of allergies, but also from fluid retention, foreign objects or excessive earwax production. Symptoms of ear infections include frequent shaking of the head, scratching the ears and an unpleasant odor.

Gastrointestinal problems

Gastrointestinal problems are another common reason for a visit to the vet. Vomiting and diarrhea can be caused by a wide range of factors, including dietary changes, food intolerances, infections by bacteria or viruses, and parasites. More serious conditions such as bloat or gastric torsion can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. These conditions can lead to severe pain and discomfort for the dog, and in some cases, dehydration and electrolyte disturbances. It is essential to consult a veterinarian quickly in case of persistent or severe gastrointestinal problems to determine the cause and initiate appropriate treatment.

Orthopedic Problems

Orthopedic problems are a significant concern for many dogs, especially certain breeds that are prone to specific conditions. Hip dysplasia is a common problem in larger dog breeds and is characterized by a deformity of the hip joint, leading to pain and reduced mobility. Arthritis is another common condition, especially in older dogs, that results in joint pain and stiffness. Torn cruciate ligaments are also a frequent orthopedic issue, often caused by sudden movements or trauma, and may require surgical intervention to achieve full recovery. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and weight control are crucial for the management and prevention of orthopedic problems in dogs.